Die Deepwater Horizon war eine Bohrplattform für die Erdölexploration im Golf von Mexiko. Die Firma Transocean stellte sie in Dienst und betrieb sie im Auftrag des Leasingnehmers BP, um damit Ölbohrungen in rund Meter tiefen Gewässern. Die Deep Water Horizon war eine Ölplattform, die seit im Auftrag des Mineralölunternehmens BP p.l.c (ehemals British Petroleum) zur. A new perspective for fatal heat recovery.
Deepwater HorizonDie Ölbohrinsel "Deepwater Horizon" war nach zwei Explosionen schwer beschädigt, der Bohrturm brannte. Von der Besatzung standen nur. Ansbach. Deepwater Horizon. Aktuelle Nachrichten, Bilder und Informationen. Im Juli versank nach einer Explosion die Förderplattform „Deepwater Horizon“ im Golf von Mexiko. Elf Menschen starben und fast Millionen Liter Erdöl.
Water Horizon WHY CHOOSE US? VideoDeepwater Horizon ✧ Blow out scene ✧ Ft. Mark Wahlberg \u0026 Kurt Russell Wenige Wochen vor dem Unglück drang so viel Erdgas in das Bohrloch, dass an Deck der Bohrplattform ein Notstopp aller potentiell feuergefährlichen Aktivitäten verhängt werden musste. Stand: Dennoch erklärte BP die Befestigungsarbeiten für abgeschlossen. Hallberg; J. Bibcode : EnST Retrieved 8 Neues Aus Büttenwarder Sendetermine This workshop device is what now determines whether or not your water production is being purified. The Deepwater Horizon oil spill was an industrial disaster that began on April 20, , in the Gulf of Mexico on the BP -operated Macondo Prospect, considered to be the largest marine oil spill in the history of the petroleum industry and estimated to be 8 to 31 percent larger in volume than the previous largest, the Ixtoc I oil spill, also in the Gulf of Mexico. When the Deepwater Horizon explosion occurred 10 years ago, millions of gallons of oil spewed into the Gulf of Mexico's waters over 87 days. The BP oil spill became the largest accidental oil spill. Au cours des 5 dernières années, Water Horizon a développé une technologie disruptive qui permet de récupérer la chaleur industrielle perdue (chaleur fatale), la stocker puis la distribuer sous forme d’énergie propre. Par analogie avec une batterie électrique, Water Horizon développe une batterie thermique. Horizon Regional MUD office at or on our new 24 hour customer service line at Your due date may have changed in February; please refer to your water bill for your billing cycle. Purified Water is a vital part of Horizon diet. It's one of few hydration items that does not give you rads. It is also an ingredient of high-quality food, remedies and other useful items.
Women who suffered a high degree of economic disruption as a result of spill were significantly more likely to report wheezing; headaches; watery, burning, itchy eyes and stuffy, itchy, runny nose.
The spill had a strong economic impact to BP  and also the Gulf Coast 's economy sectors such as offshore drilling, fishing and tourism.
Estimates of lost tourism dollars were projected to cost the Gulf coastal economy up to Salazar , lifted the moratorium finding it too broad, arbitrary and not adequately justified.
On 28 April , the National Energy Board of Canada, which regulates offshore drilling in the Canadian Arctic and along the British Columbia Coast , issued a letter to oil companies asking them to explain their argument against safety rules which require same-season relief wells.
In October , the United States Department of the Interior 's Minerals Management Service was dissolved after it was determined it had exercised poor oversight over the drilling industry.
Three new agencies replaced it, separating the regulation, leasing, and revenue collection responsibilities respectively, among the Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement , the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management , and Office of Natural Resources Revenue.
In March , BP was again allowed to bid for oil and gas leases. On 30 April, President Obama dispatched the Secretaries of the Department of Interior and Homeland Security , as well as the EPA Administrator and NOAA to the Gulf Coast to assess the disaster.
Make no mistake: we will fight this spill with everything we've got for as long as it takes. We will make BP pay for the damage their company has caused.
And we will do whatever's necessary to help the Gulf Coast and its people recover from this tragedy. Public opinion polls in the U.
Industry claimed that disasters are infrequent and that this spill was an isolated incident and rejected claims of a loss of industry credibility.
API announced the creation of an offshore safety institute, separate from API's lobbying operation.
The Organization for International Investment , a Washington D. In July , President Obama issued an executive order, specifically citing the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, that adopted recommendations from the Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force and established the National Ocean Council.
In the UK, there was anger at the American press and news outlets for the misuse of the term "British Petroleum" for the company — a name which has not been used since British Petroleum merged with the American company Amoco in to form BP.
It was said that the U. British pension fund managers who have large holdings of BP shares and rely upon its dividends accepted that while BP had to pay compensation for the spill and the environmental damage, they argued that the cost to the company's market value from President Obama's criticism was far outweighing the direct clean-up costs.
Initially, BP downplayed the incident; its CEO Tony Hayward called the amount of oil and dispersant "relatively tiny" in comparison with the "very big ocean.
Hayward's involvement in Deepwater Horizon has left him a highly controversial public figure. In July , Hayward was awarded an honorary degree from Robert Gordon University.
This was described as "a very serious error of judgement" by Friends of the Earth Scotland, and "a sick joke" by the university's student president.
State Department listed 70 assistance offers from 23 countries, all being initially declined, but later, 8 had been accepted. In the United States the Deepwater Horizon investigation included several investigations and commissions, including reports by the USCG National Incident Commander, Admiral Thad Allen , the National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling , Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement BOEMRE , National Academy of Engineering , National Research Council , Government Accountability Office , National Oil Spill Commission, and Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board.
An investigation of the possible causes of the explosion was launched on 22 April by the USCG and the Minerals Management Service. On 8 September , BP released a page report on its web site.
The report places some of the blame for the accident on BP but also on Halliburton and Transocean. The conclusion was that BP was partly to blame, as was Transocean, which owned the rig.
Responding to the report, Transocean and Halliburton placed all blame on BP. On 9 November , a report by the Oil Spill Commission said that there had been "a rush to completion" on the well and criticised poor management decisions.
The National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling released a final report on 5 January Rather, it concluded that "notwithstanding these inherent risks, the accident of April 20 was avoidable" and that "it resulted from clear mistakes made in the first instance by BP, Halliburton and Transocean, and by government officials who, relying too much on industry's assertions of the safety of their operations, failed to create and apply a program of regulatory oversight that would have properly minimized the risk of deepwater drilling.
On 23 March , BOEMRE former MMS and the USCG published a forensic examination report on the blowout preventer, prepared by Det Norske Veritas.
The US government report issued in September stated that BP is ultimately responsible for the spill, and that Halliburton and Transocean share some of the blame.
The report also states that a central cause of the blowout was failure of a cement barrier allowing hydrocarbons to flow up the wellbore, through the riser and onto the rig, resulting in the blowout.
The GCCF was administrated by attorney Kenneth Feinberg. The facility began accepting claims on 23 August The GCCF and its administrator Feinberg had been criticized about the amount and speed of payments as well as a lack of transparency.
Many low-wage workers in the fishing and service industries, for example, have been seeking compensation for lost wages and jobs for three years.
In July , BP made a motion in court to freeze payments on tens of thousands of claims, arguing inter alia that a staff attorney from the Deepwater Horizon Court-Supervised Settlement Program, the program responsible for evaluating compensation claims, had improperly profited from claims filed by a New Orleans law firm.
The attorney is said to have received portions of settlement claims for clients he referred to the firm. By 26 May , over lawsuits relating to the spill had been filed  against one or more of BP, Transocean, Cameron International Corporation , and Halliburton Energy Services ,  although it was considered likely by observers that these would be combined into one court as a multidistrict litigation.
The oil firm alleged failed safety systems and irresponsible behaviour of contractors had led to the explosion, including claims that Halliburton failed to properly use modelling software to analyze safe drilling conditions.
On 2 March , BP and plaintiffs agreed to settle their lawsuits. The deal would settle roughly , claims filled by individuals and businesses affected by the spill.
People living for at least 60 days along oil-impacted shores or involved in the clean-up who can document one or more specific health conditions caused by the oil or dispersants are eligible for benefits, as are those injured during clean-up.
On 31 August , the US Department of Justice DOJ filed papers in federal court in New Orleans blaming BP for the Gulf oil spill, describing the spill as an example of "gross negligence and willful misconduct.
BP rejected the charges saying "BP believes it was not grossly negligent and looks forward to presenting evidence on this issue at trial in January.
On 14 November , BP and the US Department of Justice reached a settlement. In addition, the U. On 3 January , the US Justice Department announced "Transocean Deepwater Inc.
In January , a panel of the U. Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals rejected an effort by BP to curb payment of what it described as "fictitious" and "absurd" claims to a settlement fund for businesses and persons affected by the oil spill.
BP said administration of the settlement was marred by the fact that people without actual damages could file a claim. The court ruled that BP hadn't explained "how this court or the district court should identify or even discern the existence of 'claimants that have suffered no cognizable injury.
BP and its partners in the oil well, Transocean and Halliburton, went on trial on February 25, in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana in New Orleans to determine payouts and fines under the Clean Water Act and the Natural Resources Damage Assessment.
The plaintiffs included the U. Justice Department, Gulf states and private individuals. Tens of billions of dollars in liability and fines were at stake.
A finding of gross negligence would result in a four-fold increase in the fines BP would have to pay for violating the federal Clean Water Act, and leave the company liable for punitive damages for private claims.
The trial's first phase was to determine the liability of BP, Transocean, Halliburton, and other companies, and if they acted with gross negligence and willful misconduct.
However, it was not clear if this deal had been officially proposed to BP and if BP has accepted it. On 4 September , U. District Judge Carl Barbier ruled BP was guilty of gross negligence and willful misconduct.
He described BP's actions as "reckless. Fines would be apportioned commensurate with the degree of negligence of the parties, measured against the number of barrels of oil spilled.
The number of barrels was in dispute at the conclusion of the trial with BP arguing 2. BP issued a statement strongly disagreeing with the finding, and saying the court's decision would be appealed.
His ruling stated that BP "employees took risks that led to the largest environmental disaster in U. On 2 July , BP, the U. In addition to the private lawsuits and civil governmental actions, the federal government charged multiple companies and five individuals with federal crimes.
In April , the Justice Department filed the first criminal charge against Kurt Mix, a BP engineer, for obstructing justice by deleting messages showing that BP knew the flow rate was three times higher than initial claims by the company, and knew that "Top Kill" was unlikely to succeed, but claimed otherwise.
Site managers Donald Vidrine and Robert Kaluza were charged with manslaughter for acting negligently in their supervision of key safety tests performed on the rig prior to the explosion, and failure to alert onshore engineers of problems in the drilling operation.
None of the charges against individuals resulted in any prison time, and no charges were levied against upper level executives. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Oil spill that began in April in the Gulf of Mexico. This article is about the oil spill itself. For the initial explosion, see Deepwater Horizon explosion.
For other related articles, see Deepwater Horizon disambiguation. The oil seen from space by NASA 's Terra satellite on 24 May Main article: Deepwater Horizon.
Main article: Deepwater Horizon explosion. Play media. Main article: Volume and extent of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.
See also: Timeline of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Main article: Efforts to stem the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. See also: Offshore oil spill prevention and response.
Main article: Deepwater Horizon oil spill response. Main article: Environmental impact of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Main article: Health consequences of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.
Main article: Economic and political consequences of the Deepwater Horizon disaster. Main articles: United States offshore drilling debate and United States deepwater drilling moratorium.
See also: Hornbeck Offshore Services LLC v. Main article: Reactions to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.
Main article: Deepwater Horizon investigation. Main article: Gulf Coast Claims Facility. See also: Kenneth Feinberg. Main article: Deepwater Horizon litigation.
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Gamepedia Gamepedia support Report a bad ad Help Wiki Contact us.12/6/ · All water pumps in Horizon are considered to be dirty water sources. Bottling "Purified Water" in Horizon requries you to build a special Water Purification lonestarbassethound.com Purification Units require a special Purifier Module, which can be acquired through quests and crafting. (In Desolation Mode, these modules are much harder to obtain). Purification Units can produce 1 bottle of Purified Water. Why Choose Horizon Water? Horizon has been established in the drinks industry for over 30 years servicing a large range of customers. Large environmental focus. Offer national coverage. European Drinking Water Cooler Association (EDWCA) audited members. Large base of EDWCA Qualified Technical Engineers adhering to strict hygiene standards. Sa start-up Water Horizon a signé un contrat de partenariat avec Dalkia (EDF), leader des réseaux de chaleur en France, pour développer la technologie industrielle. Dalkia a financé une partie du prototype et deviendra un client. L’objectif est de récupérer la chaleur à une température inférieure à degrés – au-dessus, on peut.